Quadratic expressions are usually in the form $ax^2+bx+c$ where $a$, $b$ and $c$ are non-zero number.

For instance, $4x^2-3x+1$ is a quadratic expression as its highest power is $2$. Other quadratic expressions are $2x^2-4x-12$, $3x^2+15xy+10y^2$.

Some quadratic expression has factors. For example, $5x^2-13x-6$ has a factor of $(x-3)$ and $(5x+2)$. Just like $8\times4=32$, these factors can be multiplied to give $5x^2-13x-16$.

Others do not have a factor like $4x^2-3x-2$. Just like $17$ is said to be a prime number since it has no factor other than itself and one. Likewise, $4x^2-3x-2$ has no factor(other than itself and one).

To factorize a quadratic expression is to express it as a product of its factors. Accordingly, $5x^2-13x-6$ factories to $(x-3)(5x+2)$.

In the accompanying examples, you will learn the steps to follow when factoring quadratic expression.

**Example 1**

Factorize the quadratic expression $x^2+x-6$

The first step is to multiply the coefficient of the first and last term, that is $1\times-6=-6$

The listing term is to list all the pairs of a factor of $-6$ and their sum

Pairs of factor sum of factors

$(-1,6)$ $5$

$(-6,1)$ $-5$

$(-2,3)$ $1$

$(2,-3)$ $-1$

Out of all these factors, only $(-2,3)$ can replace the middle terms since they add up to the coefficient($1$) of the middle terms.

$x^2-2x+3x-6$

$(x^2-2x)(+3x-6)$

$x(x-2)+3(x-2)$ note: the factor inside the bracket should be the same

$(x+3)(x-2)$

**Example 2**

Factorize the quadratic expression $t^2+11t+18$

The first step is to multiply the coefficient of the first and last term, that is $1\times-18=18$

The listing term is to list all the pairs of a factor of $18$ and their sum

Pairs of factor sum of factors

$(1,18)$ $19$

$(2,9)$ $11$

$(3,6)$ $9$

Out of all these factors, only $(2,9)$ can replace the middle terms since they add up to the coefficient($11$) of the middle terms.

$t^2+2t+9t+18$

$(t^2+2t)(+9t+18)$

$t(t+2)+9(t+2)$

$(t+9)(t+2)$

**Example 3**

Factorize $3x^2-2x-5$ completely.

The first step is to multiply the coefficient of the first and last term, that is $3\times--5=-15$

The listing term is to list all the pairs of a factor of $-15$ and their sum

Pairs of factor sum of factors

$(-1,15)$ $14$

$(1,-15)$ $-14$

$(-3,5)$ $2$

$(3,-5)$ $-2$

As you can see, The only factor that can replace the middle number is $(3,-5)$ as they add up to the coefficient ($-2$) of the middle terms.

$3x^2+3x-5x-5$

$(3x^2+3x)(-5x-5)$

$3x(x+1)-5(x+1)$

$(3x-5)(x+1)$

**Example 4**

Factorize the expression $2y^2-3y-44$ completely

The first step is to multiply the coefficient of the first and last term, that is $2\times-44=-88$

The next step is to list all the pairs of a factor of $-88$ and their sum

Pairs of factor sum of factors

$(-1,88)$ $87$

$(1,-88)$ $-87$

$(-2,44)$ $42$

$(2,-44)$ $-42$

$(-4,22)$ $18$

$(4,-22)$ $-18$

$(-8,11)$ $3$

$(8,-11)$ $-3$

As you can see, The only factor that can replace the middle number is $(8,-11)$ as they add up to the coefficient ($-3$) of the middle terms.

$2y^2+8y-11y-44$

$2y(y+4)-11(y+4)$

$(2y-11)(y+4)$

**Example 5**

Factorise the expression $-2x^2+15+x$

First, let's rearrange the expression

$-2x^2+x+15$

To factorize this expression, the coefficient of $x^2$ need to be positive, hence we multiply the expression by $-1$

$-1(-2x^2+x+15)$

$2x^2-x-15$

When you multiply the first and last term, you will have $-30$

Here are the factor and their sums of $-30$

$(-1,30)$ $29$

$(1,-30)$ $-29$

$(-2,15)$ $13$

$(2,-15)$ $-13$

$(-3,10)$ $7$

$(3,-10)$ $-7$

$(-5,6)$ $1$

$(5,-6)$ $-1$

$(5,-6)$ adds up to $1$, hence, we used to replace $-x$

$2x^2-x-15$

$2x^2+5x-6x-15$

$(2x^2+5x)(-6x-15)$

$x(2x+5)-3(2x+5)$

$(x-3)(2x+5)$

Some quadratic expressions are the difference between two squares

__Related post__**Example 6**

Factorize $y^2-64$

This is a difference of two square

$(y)^2-(8)^2=(y+8)(y-8)$

We have factorized quadratic expression. In this post, you will see some example that will solidify your knowledge of quadratic expression, do well to check it out here. Ok

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