5 CONDITIONS NECCESSARY FOR THE EFFECTIVE OPERATION OF DEMOCRACY

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Democracy is a form of government where citizens governed themselves directly or indirectly through elected representatives.

It was simplistically defined by Abraham Lincoln as "the government of the people, by the people and for the people".

For democracy to function effectively, the following features must be present and cultivated by the state. 

1. Regular and periodic election: The nature of democracy is that elected officials are accountable to the people, and they must return to the voters at regular intervals to seek their mandate to continue in office. As a result, most democratic constitutions require elections to be held at regular intervals.

It is crucial to emphasize, however, that such elections should not only be held regularly, but they should also be free and fair to reflect the wishes of the people.

2. Independent Judiciary: The judiciary should be independent of other arms of government. For democracy to work properly, It is vitally important that the judiciary and the judges are independent of other arms of government and other external pressures.

People who appear in court and the general public will have no faith in the judiciary if it is not independent because they will assume it is controlled by other branches of government.

3. Rule of law: This is arguably the most important sustainer of democracy. The term "rule of law" refers to the fact that the law applies to everyone equally. This means that every citizen, regardless of social status, is accountable under the law

In this sense, rule of law is essential for any democratic state because it ensures that legitimately elected officials are held accountable long after they have taken office. Even if an elected official is immune from prosecution while in office, they are held accountable immediately after leaving office.

4. Freedom of the press: Dictionary.com defined freedom of the press as ''the right to publish content that is deemed legal without interference from the government''.

A free press is essential for a democratic society. They look for and spread news, information, ideas, analysis, and opinion, while also holding people in positions of power accountable. They function as watchdogs and campaigners for the general population.

As a result, for democracy to function properly, the press must be free to say whatever they want as long as it is legal.

5. Protection of Human rights: According to the UN, ''Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, regardless of race, sex, nationality, ethnicity, language, religion, or any other status''.

Democracy necessitates the protection of human rights. There will be no democracy if human rights such as the right to vote and be voted for are not present because democracy is defined as a form of government where individuals have the right to govern themselves directly and indirectly.

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