10 FACTORS THAT AFFECT THE CHOICE OF OCCUPATION

A person's choice of occupation is influenced by several factors, including:

1. Salaries and Wages: This is one of the major determinants of the choice of occupation. 

The high cost of living necessitates that people prefer high paying jobs to low paying jobs.

No rational person will be willing to leave a high paying occupation for a less paying occupation.

Generally, the higher the remuneration, the more a job becomes attractive.  

2. Qualifications and skills: This is another major determinant of the choice of occupation.

Generally, high paying jobs like lawyers required a lot of qualifications.

In the same vein, the skill possessed by an individual plays an important role in his choice of occupation.

For example, a web developing job requires that a person possess sufficient coding skills.

3. Industrial hazard: The risk and hazard associated with a particular occupation have a greater influence on people's decision to pursue the occupation.

Most young people in Nigeria, for example, do not want to join the armed services because they believe it is a dangerous career.

Similarly, a person might not accept a factory worker if there are many dangerous objects in the factory.

4. Health considerations: There are certain occupations that people with health-related challenges cannot perform.

For example, a person suffering from serious health issues may choose to avoid working as a nurse.

Similarly, a person with one leg may avoid driving jobs.

5. Religious beliefs: By their nature, some jobs go against certain religious beliefs.

A Christian, for example, may be hesitant to work for an alcohol corporation since its product contradicts his religious convictions.

6. Government policy: Government policies influence the choice of occupation.

When the government first introduced shared banking services, for example, many people immediately became POS (Point of Sale) agents.

A sudden change in government policy usually results in a change in the choice of occupations.

7. Job Incentives: Apart from salaries and wages, other incentives can determine the choice of occupation.

Individuals may be motivated to take a job because of additional incentives like yearly training, and yearly vacation that comes with the jobs.

8. Climate conditions: Soil and climatic conditions can influence an individual choice of occupation.

For example, fishermen are usually found in riverine areas, just as farmers are frequently found in agricultural areas.

READ ALSO: CHARACTERISTICS AND FUNCTIONS OF COMMERCE

9. Passion for the job: Most people follow their passion when choosing an occupation.

If you are passionate about graphics designing, you will most likely pursue a career as a graphic designer

Moreover, a person very passionate about a job might not care so much about the salaries and wages of a job because they greatly love the job.

10. Availability of natural resources: People who grew up in areas with abundant natural resources are more likely to pursue natural extracting occupations.

People who live near rivers are more likely to be fishermen, whereas those who live in rural areas are more likely to be farmers

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