In the words of Luther Gulick, "Staffing is the whole personnel function of bringing in and training the staff and maintaining favourable conditions of work".

Staffing can also be defined as the function of management concerned with attracting, choosing, training and developing manpower for the company's diverse needs.

Staffing consists of six steps, namely; manpower planning, recruitment, selection, training and development, remuneration and compensation, and performance appraisal.

Let's now look explore each step in the staffing process.

1. Manpower planning: This is concerned with obtaining the quality and quantity of manpower needed to run the organization.

In other words, manpower planning involves determining the number and type of people required in an organization.


2. Recruitment: This involves attracting as many as possible numbers of applicants to apply for job positions in the organization.

Recruitment involves identifying all sources of manpower availability and ensuring that as many applicants applied for the various job positions in the organization.

The sources of manpower can be divided into two: internal and external sources of recruitment.

Internal sources of recruitment are a form of recruitment where the organization hire existing employees to fill job positions in the organization.

Promotion and transfers are the two most common internal sources of recruitment.

External sources of recruitment are a form of recruitment that involves hiring from outside of the organization.

Among the better known external sources of recruitment are direct recruitment, casual callers, employment exchanges and campus recruitment.

3. Selection: This entails selecting the best candidates from among those who applied for a job position

It is concerned with choosing applicants who possess the requisite qualifications for a position.

As a process, selection involves screening of candidates, conducting employment tests, performing background and reference checks, conducting medical examinations of the selected applicant etc.

4. Training and development: This entails giving new employees brief orientations about the job and how to perform it successfully.

Employee skills and expertise can be improved through training and development.

There are two methods of training employees which are: on-the-job and off the job training methods.

On-the-job training is typically used for operative employees, whereas off-the-job training is typically used for supervisory employees.

5. Remuneration and compensation: Employees want fair and equitable pay for the work performed.

Remuneration and compensation are just exactly that. It ensures that workers are adequately compensated for their efforts.

The compensation a person earns is highly dependent on the job positions he holds in the organization.

Generally, a person in a higher position in an organization is paid more than someone in a lower position.

For example, a company's Chief Executive Officer (CEO) will earn far more money and benefits than a cleaner.

6. Performance appraisal: Each employee's performance must be evaluated regularly.

Performance appraisal involves evaluating the potential, contributions and personalities of employees in the organization.

It involves measuring the progress of employees against set standards and benchmarks.

Performance appraisal is done to determine how well an employee is performing his job.

The result of the performance appraisal is used to develop suitable training and development programs.

Final words

To repeat, staffing is the managerial function of manpower planning, recruitment, selection, training, and developing employees for effective and efficient management.

There are six steps in the staffing process, including:

1. Manpower planning

2. Recruitment

3. Selection

4. Training and development

5. Remuneration and compensation

6. Performance appraisal

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