An executive president is a leader of a country who is both the head of state and head of government.

Simply said, an executive president is a leader who, in addition to being the head of state, can exercise control over the governance of a state.

Most executive presidents are popularly elected and are actively involved in the day-to-day governance of the state.

The executive president is common in countries with presidential or semi-presidential systems of government.

The United States, Brazil, Nigeria, and South Africa all have executive presidents.

A ceremonial president is a country's leader who serves as head of state but not of government.

In other words, a ceremonial president is a president who is just the head of state but does not have large control over the governance of a state.

Most ceremonial presidents are figurehead presidents in the sense that there has no executive power over the governance of the state.

In the words of Jawaharlal Nehru,  "A (ceremonial) president is a head that neither reigns nor governs",

However, Ceremonial presidents usually possess "reserve powers" that may be used in emergencies.

India, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and Israel all have ceremonial presidents

Finally, the main distinction between an executive president and a ceremonial president is that an executive president can exercise control over a state's governance, whilst a ceremonial president cannot.

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