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A community is a small group of people or a large social unit that shares something in common.

It can also be defined as a group of persons sharing a common understanding, and often the same language, law, customs, and/or tradition.

The 8 characteristics of a community are population, definite locality, sense of belonging, arises naturally, permanence, name, social life, and lack of legal status.

1. Population: This is perhaps the most important characteristic of a community.

A community should consist of a group of people living together and interacting with each other.

The residents of the community must be acquainted with one another and be able to communicate virtually or face-to-face with one another.

2. Clearly defined locality: This is another important characteristic of a community.

A communitu typically have a specific geographic region where they reside.

It takes more than just a population to constitute a community; a community must also have a defined geographic area.

3. Sense of Belonging: Community members generally have a sense of belonging and acceptance of each other.

A sense of belonging is that feeling that one is a natural part of a community. Every member of the community must have that sense of belonging that they are part of the community.

4. Arises naturally: Communities typically develop organically. It does not result from political or human choice.

It grows naturally. Only at birth are people admitted to the community.

5. Permanence: A community is a collection of residents who live together permanently.

A community is a permanent group of people who live together in a specific community rather than a temporary gathering of people like a social aggregate.

6. Name: A community typically has a name that is used to identify it by outsiders.

For instance, indigene of Yorubaland are referred to as Yorubans.

7. No legal status: Unlike a state, a community lacks legal status. It has no enforceable rights and duties in the eyes of the law.

8. Social life: A community must also accommodate the social life of its members. 

Just like society, a community includes all manner of social interactions among its members.

Just like in a society, a community's members engage in a variety of social interactions, and community must allow for all of these interactions. 

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