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A nation is a group of people who share a sense of belonging. It is a community of people living in a specific area who are primarily of common ancestry, history, and language.

A nation is also defined as a historically established, stable group of people who share a common language, territory, way of life economically, and ethnically.

A state is an independent political entity with a clearly delineated territory, a globally accepted government, and political independence.

Government, sovereignty, geography, and territory are the four elements that define a state as a political entity.

Differences between a State and a nation

1. A state is an autonomous political entity that has its own recognized government and well defined borders.

On the other hand, A nation is a collection of people who share ancestry, culture, or traditions.

2. A nation is a social, cultural, psychological, and political organization of people, whereas a state is a political and legal organization of people.

3. A state is always sovereign, able to enact laws and enforce policies independently of external influence.

On the other hand, a nation doesn't need to be sovereign.

To put it another way, while a nation can exist without sovereignty, a state cannot exist without sovereignty because a state loses its existence when its sovereignty is lost.

4. A state always has a fixed territory whereas a nation may or may not have a fixed territory.

5. Coercion is usually associated with the state since the administration of a state always involves the use of force.

In contrast, because nations function through the use of persuasion, the use of coercion is not connected to a nation.

6. A state may be larger than a nation. For instance, the defunct USSR was home to more than a hundred different nationalities.

On the other hand, a nation may be larger than a state because a nationality may span two states.

For example, north Korea and south Korea are two states that make up the Korean nation.

7. While it is compulsory for a state to have a definite geographical area, a population, sovereignty and a government, it is not Compulsory for a nation to have all four definite geographical areas, a population, sovereignty and a government.

What is important to a nation is that there should be a strong sense of unity, common values, language, territory, race, religion and history. 

8. A state is a legal entity, charged with the responsibility of making laws and enforcing policies.

On the other hand, a nation is not a legal entity as it is not legally recognized by local or international entities, but known to the people of the nation.

9. Disobedience to a nation's traditions and customs may or may not result in punishment, but disobedience to a state's laws invariably results in punishment.

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