CHARACTERISTICS OF A SOCIETY

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A society is a group of people who have a distinct physical or virtual area and a common culture.

It is a group of people associated together for religious, cultural, social and political purposes.

The population, largest human group, permanence, interdependence, abstract concept, dynamic, social institution, sense of belonging, culture, and social stratification are the top ten characteristics of a society.

1. Population: A society is made up of people with similar values and cultural traits.

Every society needs people to fill the roles of members of society.

Even though society refers to the system of relationships rather than the group of individuals, there cannot be a society without a group of people.

The existence of a population ensures that elements of a society are passed down from one generation to another because a population biologically reproduces the next generation of the society.

2. Largest human group: Because society can exist anywhere in the world, it is the largest human group.

As an illustration, both Muslim society and Christian societies are widespread throughout the world.

Another illustration is the world's population as a whole or the global society.

3. Permanence: Society is relatively permanent because social interaction and relationships are necessary for everyone at any point in time.

Society is not a makeshift collection of individuals. Even after the passing of a person or group of people, society continues to exist

4. Interdependence: People in a society are interdependent because an individual can't live in isolation from the rest of society.

Since it is impossible for a person to completely satisfy his or her interests and desires on his own, society implies interdependence.

Hence, every member of a society is dependent on other members of the society.

5. Abstract concept: Society is an abstract concept. An abstract concept is a concept that people can understand but which has no physical form. 

Society is seen as an abstract concept since the effects of social relationships can be felt, yet genuine social relationships lack physical manifestation.

More so, society consists of customs, traditions, and norms which are all abstract.

6. Dynamic: Because society is ever-changing, it is dynamic.

Old customs, traditions, value systems, and norms are constantly modified to make room for new and emerging traditions, values, and norms.

For instance, a few years ago, ladies didn't typically wear trousers in Christian society. But today, it's becoming more and more common for women in a Christian society to wear trousers.

The dynamic nature of society ensures that it continues to survive from generation to generation.

7. Social institution: There are social institutions in every society. A social institution is a group or organization with clear roles, expectations, and norms that serve to fulfil the social needs of the community. 

Every society has social institutions such as the family, the government, religion, the educational system, and the mass media

Social institutions exist for the common good of members of society.

Members of society won't feel satisfied in terms of economics, relationships, or education without these social institutions.

Additionally, social institutions regulate activities and make sure that social interaction and action are carried out for the benefit of society as a whole.

8. Sense of belonging: Society must provide members with a sense of belonging.

Sense of belonging is that feeling that one belongs or is an acceptable member of society.

It develops when individuals believe that they are natural parts of the society. 

Only when a person has a sense of belonging to society can they relate to other people in the society. Consequently, a sense of belonging is a crucial aspect of society.

9. Culture: A society is essentially a group of people who share a similar culture.

Culture is the values, beliefs, symbols and norms of members of society. Culture influences how people live in society.

It influences the behaviour of every member of the society and is arguably the most important element of society. Culture is what distinguishes one society from another.

10. Social stratification: Society is also characterized by social stratification.

According to OpenStax, "Social stratification refers to a society's categorization of its people into rankings based on factors like wealth, income, education, family background, and power".

Society provides a system of stratification of every member of the society. In the social structure, members of the society are classified into classes according to their statuses.

If there were no society, then social stratification would not exist.

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