DEFINITIONS OF LEADERSHIP BY DIFFERENT PEOPLE

J.O. EMMANUEL
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Numerous scholars have given stern definitions of the term "leadership." For this reason, we will list several definitions.

According to Alford and Bratty, Leadership is the ability to secure desirable actions from a group of followers voluntarily, without the use of coercion."

To Livingston, "Leadership is the ability to awaken the desire to follow a common objective".

In the view of Chester Barnard, "Leadership refers to the quality of the behavior of the individual whereby they guide people on their activities in organized efforts".   

In the words of George R. Terry, "Leadership is a relationship in which one person influences others to work together willingly on related tasks to attain what the leader desires."

Mooney and Reiley gave a simple definition of leadership when they defined Leadership as "the form which authority assumes when it enters into the process."

According to Massie, "Leadership occurs when one person induces others to work toward some predetermined objectives".

To Adeoye Mayowa, "Leadership is the ability to evaluate and or forecast a long-term plan or policy and influence the followers towards the achievement of the said strategy."

Hollander  defined leadership as "the process of influence between a leader and those who are followers."

"Leadership is the process of encouraging and helping others to work enthusiastically towards their objectives. Leadership must extract cooperation and willingness of the individuals and groups to attain the organizational objectives", says Keith Davies.

In the words of Rauch & Behling, "Leadership is defined as the process of influencing the activities of an organized group toward goal achievement.”

To Tannenbaum, Weschler & Massarik, "Leadership is interpersonal influence, exercised in a situation, and directed, through the communication process, toward the attainment of a specified goal or goals.”

Peter Northouse (2010) gave a short definition of Leadership. According to him, "Leadership is a process whereby an individual influence a group of individuals to achieve a common goal".

R.W. Griffin says, “Leadership is the ability to influence others."

To quote Buchannan and Huczynski, "Leadership is a social process in which one individual influences the behavior of others without the use of threat or violence."

Stogdill has defined Leadership as "a process (or act) of influencing the activities of an organized group in its efforts toward goal setting and goal achievement."

A comprehensive definition of leadership was given by Michael S. Kearns, Leadership is a purposeful relationship, which occurs episodically among participants, who use their individual skills in influence, to advocate transforming change."

According to Joseph Rost, "Leadership is an influence relationship among leaders and followers who intend real changes that reflect their mutual purposes."

Overall, Leadership can be defined as the systematic process of influencing and guiding subordinates or followers to achieve organizational objectives.

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